The Role of Cystoscopy In Bladder Pain Syndrome
BPS can be defined as pain, pressure, or discomfort in the pelvis/bladder, associated with urinary symptoms (frequency, urgency, nocturia, bladder filling pain) lasting at least 6weeks (AUA), and with no identifiable cause.
Since 2008, the European Society for the Study of Interstitial Cystitis (ESSIC) establishes the diagnosis in the basis of chronic (>6 months) pelvic pain, pressure or discomfort perceived to be related to the urinary bladder accompanied by at least one other urinary symptom such as a persistent urge to void or urinary frequency, and establishes a list of confusable diseases that must be excluded. It indicates that the practice of cystoscopy under anesthesia with HD with eventual biopsy is a diagnostic prerequisite. Read More.